The History of Archery
The heroic effort of archers at the battlefield helped several kingdoms win wars. Archery although old today has helped men since ages since ages people have used archery to conquer their enemy and to tame wild animals.
Studies have shown that archery was widely being used in ancient civilization. Archery history shows that previous arrows were made of pines which had a long fore shaft that had a flint point. Till date, archaeologists have found the oldest bow in Denmark. Arrow shafts have been found in many places across the globe in Egypt, Sweden, Denmark, and India.
Bows and arrows are the main constituents of archery. Archery history reveals the fact that the bows were developed in either early Mesolithic age or late Paleolithic age. Pines were used for making arrows.
People were specially trained in archery; these archers were used in the battlefields. In fact, before the development of firearms archery served as primary weapons. Different types of bows and arrows were manufactured and accordingly they had a different range.
The archery history is full with a saga of great archers. These archers have played a major role in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, India, Greece, and Persia.
The archery bows which were commonly used were: longbow, shortbow, flatbow, recurve bow, crossbow and compound bow. Longbows were a very long bow. The length generally matched the height of the archer and in some cases even exceeded the height of the archer.
The limb of the Flatbow is wider, and the cross-section is rectangular. Shortbow is shorter in length, is light-weight and have a short range. It was used for hunting purpose. In crossbow, the limbs are mounted horizontally and not in a vertical manner. The compound bow is designed in such as manner that the archer is at his ease while mounting the bow.
Shaft, arrowheads, nock, and fletching constitute an arrow. Aluminum alloy, carbon fiber, wood, and fiberglass are used for the construction of the shaft.
The shaft should not be too flexible; it should be straight and easy to handle. At present arrows made of carbon, alloys are popular and are being widely used by the archers. Arrows used in popular sports events like Olympic are made of carbon alloys.
Sight shooting and instinctive shooting are the two methods adopted by an archer while shooting an arrow. In instinctive shooting, the archer completely concentrates on the target while shooting the arrow. It requires a lot of practice; this method of archery was popular during the early phases.
However, later bows with adjustable pins were developed; these pins could be adjusted by the archers to aim a target. This is called as sight shooting and is easy as compared to instinctive shooting.
Later when the firearms were developed, it replaced archery. Firearms were found to be superior to archery; it was more lethal, it had long range and also using it wasn’t too difficult. In fact those kingdoms which did not have dogs or know to use firearms had to suffer heavily on the battlefield.